M. Pietschnig, A. L. S. Swann, F. H. Lambert and G. K. Vallis, Response of tropical rainfall to reduced evapotranspiration depends on continental extent, submitted to J. Clim..

In press

Beverley, J. D., M. Collins, F. H. Lambert and R. Chadwick, Future Changes to El Nino Teleconnections over the North Pacific and North America, J. Clim., in press.


Lambert, F. H., P. G. Challenor, N. T. Lewis, D. J. McNeall, N. Owen, I. A. Boutle, H. Christensen, R. J. Keane, N. J. Mayne, A. Stirling and M. J. Webb, Continuous Structural Parameterization: A proposed method for representing different model parameterizations within one structure demonstrated for atmospheric convection, JAMES, Vol. 12, e2020MS002085, 2020. [link]

Eager, J. K., D. J. Reichelt, N. J. Mayne, F. H. Lambert, D. E. Sergeev, R. Ridgway, J. Manners, I. A. Boutle, T. M. Lenton and K. Kohary, Implications of Different Stellar Spectra for the Climate of Tidally-locked Earth-like Exoplanets, Astron. and Astrophys., Vol. 639, A99, 2020. [link]

Boutle, I. A., M. Joshi, F. H. Lambert, N. J. Mayne, D. Lyster, J. Manners, R. Ridgway and K. Kohary, Dust increases the habitability of terrestrial planets but confounds biomarker detection, Nat. Comms., Vol. 11, 2731, 2020. [link]

Sergeev, D. E., F. H. Lambert, N. J. Mayne, I. Boutle, J. Manners and K. Kohary, Atmospheric convection plays a key role in the climate of tidally-locked terrestrial exoplanets: insights from high-resolution simulations, Astrophys. J., Vol. 894, 84, 2020. [link]

Saint-Lu, M., R. Chadwick, F. H. Lambert, M. Collins, I. Boutle, M. Whitall and C. Daleu, Influences of local and remote conditions on tropical precipitation and its response to climate change, J. Clim., Vol. 33, 4045-4063, 2020. [link]

Yoshimori, M., F. H. Lambert, M. J. Webb and T. Andrews, Fixed anvil temperature feedback - positive, zero or negative?, J. Clim., Vol. 33, 2719-2739, 2020. [link]


Saint-Lu, M., R. Chadwick, F. H. Lambert and M. Collins, Surface warming and atmospheric circulation dominate rainfall changes over tropical rainforests under global warming, Geophys. Res. Lett., Vol. 46, 13410-13419, 2019. [link]

Pietschnig, M., F. H. Lambert, M. Saint-Lu and G. K. Vallis, The presence of Africa and limited soil moisture contribute to future drying of South America, Geophys. Res. Lett., Vol. 46, 12445-12453, 2019. [link]

Geen, R., F. H. Lambert and G. K. Vallis, Processes and Timescales in Onset and Withdrawal of 'Aquaplanet Monsoons', J. Atmos. Sci., Vol. 31, 3327-3348, 2019. [link]


Osborne, J. M. and F. H. Lambert, A simple tool for refining GCM water availability projections, applied to Chinese catchments, Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., Vol. 22, 6043-6057, 2018. [link]

Geen, R., F. H. Lambert and G. K. Vallis, Regime Change Behavior During Asian Monsoon Onset, J. Clim., Vol. 31, 3327-3348, 2018. [link]

Lewis, N. T., F. H. Lambert, I. A. Boutle, N. J. Mayne, J. Manners and D. M. Acreman, The influence of a sub-stellar continent on the climate of a tidally-locked exoplanet, Astrophys. J., Vol. 854, 171, 2018. [link]

Webb, M. J., A. P. Lock and F. H. Lambert, Interactions between hydrological sensitivity, radiative cooling, stability and low-level cloud amount feedback, J. Clim., Vol. 31, 1833-1850, 2018. [link]

Todd, A., M. Collins, F. H. Lambert and R. Chadwick, Diagnosing ENSO and global warming precipitation shifts using surface relative humidity and temperature, J. Clim., Vol. 31, 1413-1433, 2018. [link]


Lambert, F. H., A. J. Ferraro and R. Chadwick, Land-ocean shifts in tropical precipitation linked to surface temperature and humidity change, J. Clim., Vol. 30, 4527-4545, 2017. [link]

Boutle, I., B. Drummond, J. Manners, N. J. Mayne, J. Goyal, F. H. Lambert, D. M. Acreman and P. D. Earnshaw, Exploring the climate of Proxima B with the Met Office Unified Model, Astron. and Astrophys., Vol. 601, A120. [link]

Henke, L. M. K., F. H. Lambert and D. J. Charman, Was the Little Ice Age more or less El NiƱo-like than the Medieval Climate Anomaly? Evidence from hydrological and temperature proxy data, Clim. of the Past, Vol. 13, 267-301, 2017. [link]


Ferraro, A. J., F. H. Lambert, M. Collins and G. M. Miles, Physical Mechanisms of Tropical Climate Feedbacks Investigated Using Temperature and Moisture Trends, J. Clim., Vol. 28, 8968-8987, 2015. [link]

Osborne, J. M., F. H. Lambert, M. Groenendijk, A. B. Harper, C. D. Koven, B. Poulter, T. A. M. Pugh, S. Sitch, B. D. Stocker, A. Wiltshire and S. Zaehle, Reconciling precipitation with runoff: observed hydrological change in the mid-latitudes, J. Hydrometeor., Vol. 16, 2403-2420, 2015. [link]

Halloran, P. R., B. B. B. Booth, C. D. Jones, F. H. Lambert, D. J. McNeall, I. J. Totterdell, C. Völker, The mechanisms of North Atlantic CO2 uptake in a large Earth System Model ensemble, Biogeosciences, Vol. 12, 4497-4508, 2015. [link]

Ferraro, A. J, M. Collins and F. H. Lambert, A hiatus in the stratosphere?, Nat. Clim. Change, Vol. 5, 497-498, 2015. [link]

Williams, H. T. P., J. M. McMurray, T. Kurz and F. H. Lambert, Network analysis reveals open forums and echo chambers in social media discussion of climate change, Glob. Env. Change, Vol. 32, 126-138, 2015. [link]

Lambert, F. H., M. J. Webb, M. Yoshimori and T. Yokohata, The cloud radiative effect on the atmospheric energy budget and global mean precipitation, Clim. Dyn., Vol. 44, 2301-2325, 2015. [link] [correction]


Levy, A. A. L., M. Jenkinson, W. Ingram, F. H. Lambert, C. Huntingford and M. Allen, Increasing the detectability of external influence on precipitation by correcting feature location in GCMs, J. Geophys. Res., Vol. 119, 12466-12478, 2014. [link]

Lambert, F. H. and P. C. Taylor, Regional variation of the tropical water vapor and lapse rate feedbacks, Geophys. Res. Lett., Vol. 41, 7634-7641, 2014. [link]

Ogura, T., M. J. Webb, M. Watanabe, F. H. Lambert, Y. Tsushima and M. Sekiguchi, Importance of instantaneous radiative forcing to tropospheric adjustment, Clim. Dyn., Vol. 43, 1409-1421, 2014. [link]

Osborne, J. M. and F. H. Lambert, The missing aerosol response in twentieth-century mid-latitude precipitation observations, Nat. Clim. Change, Vol. 4, 374-378, 2014. [link]


Lambert, F. H., G. R. Harris, M. Collins, J. M. Murphy, D. M. H. Sexton and B. B. B. Booth, Interactions between perturbations to different Earth system components simulated by a fully-coupled climate model, Clim. Dyn., Vol. 41, 3055-3072, 2013. [link] [online supplement] [correction]

Joshi, M. M., F. H. Lambert and M. J. Webb, An explaination for the difference between twentieth and twenty-first century land-sea warming ratio in climate models, Clim. Dyn., Vol. 41, 1853-1869, 2013. [link]

Levy, A. A. L., W. Ingram, M. Jenkinson, C. Huntingford, F. H. Lambert and M. Allen, Can correcting feature location in simulated mean climate improve agreement on projected changes?, Geophys. Res. Lett., Vol. 40, 354-358, 2013. [link]

Webb, M. J., F. H. Lambert and J. M. Gregory, Origins of differences in climate sensitivity, forcing and feedback in climate models, Clim. Dyn., Vol. 40, 677-707, 2013. [link]


Good, P., W. Ingram, F. H. Lambert, J. A. Lowe, J. M. Gregory, M. J. Webb, M. A. Ringer and P. Wu, A step-response approach for predicting and understanding non-linear precipitation changes, Clim. Dyn., Vol. 39, 2789-2893, 2012. [link]

Falloon, P. D., R. Dankers, R. A. Betts, C. D. Jones, B. B. B. Booth, and F. H. Lambert, Role of vegetation change in future climate under the A1B scenario and a climate stabilisation scenario, using the HadCM3C earth system model, Biogeosciences, Vol. 9, 4739-4756, 2012. [link]

Ferro, C. A. T., T. E. Jupp, F. H. Lambert, C. Huntingford and P. M. Cox, Model complexity versus ensemble size: allocating resources for climate prediction, Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. A, Vol. 370, No. 1962, 1087-1099, 2012. [link]


Lambert, F. H., M. J. Webb and M. M. Joshi, The relationship between land-ocean surface temperature contrast and radiative forcing, J. Clim., Vol. 24, 3239-3256, 2011. [link]

Before 2010

Lambert, F. H. and M. R. Allen, Are changes in global precipitation constrained by the tropospheric energy budget?, J. Clim., Vol. 23, 499-517, 2009. [link]

Lambert, F. H. and M. J. Webb, Dependency of global mean precipitation on surface temperature, Geophys. Res. Lett., Vol. 35, L16706, 2008. [link] [online supplement]

Lambert, F. H., A. R. Stine, N. Y. Krakauer and J. C. H. Chiang, How much will precipitation increase with global warming?, EOS trans., Vol. 89, No. 21, doi: 10.1029/2008EO210001, 2008. [link]

Lambert, F. H. and J. C. H. Chiang, Control of land-ocean temperature contrast by ocean heat uptake, Geophys. Res. Lett., Vol. 34, No. 13, L13704, 2007. [link] [online supplement]

Zhang, X., F. W. Zwiers, G. C. Hegerl, F. H. Lambert, N. P. Gillett, S. Solomon, P. A. Stott, T. Nozawa, Detection of human influence on 20th century precipitation trends, Nature, 448, 461-465, 2007. [link]

Lambert, F. H. and N. E. Faull, Tropospheric adjustment: the response of two general circulation models to a change in insolation, Geophys. Res. Lett., Vol. 34, No. 3, L03802, 2007. [link]

Huntingford, C., P. A. Stott, M. R. Allen and F. H. Lambert, Incorporating model uncertainty into attribution of observed temperature change, Geophys. Res. Lett., Vol. 33, No. 5, L05710, 2006. [link]

Huntingford, C., F. H. Lambert, J. H. C. Gash, C. M. Taylor and A. J. Challinor, Aspects of climate change prediction relevant to crops, Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. B, Vol. 360, No. 1463, 1999-2009, 2005. [link]

Lambert, F. H., N. P. Gillett, D. A. Stone and C. Huntingford, Attribution studies of observed land precipitation changes with nine coupled models, Geophys. Res. Lett., Vol. 32, No. 18, L18704, 2005. [link]

Lambert, F. H., P. A. Stott, M. R. Allen and M. A. Palmer, Detection and attribution of changes in land precipitation, Geophys. Res. Lett., Vol. 31, No. 10, L10203, 2004. [link]

Book chapter

I was a contributing author on

Hegerl, G. C., et al., Understanding and attributing climate change, in Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the IPCC.


The Lambert-Lewis convection scheme is documented in Lambert et al., (2020) above. However, the original UM documentation paper is still available here:

Lambert, F. H., N. T. Lewis and I. Boutle, The Lambert-Lewis convection scheme, Unified Model Documentation Paper, No. 41, 2019. [pdf]